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The money history of the Middle Ages

The money history of the Nara era

From Nara era, economy turned around mainly on rice and cloth for a while in Japan. For example, in the Nara era, the tax consisted of a system called Soyoucho-sei. In Soyocho-sei, So is 3% of crops of the rice, You is labor or cloth, Cho were paid in a thing delivering a special product. In this way, money spreads to some extent and soaks it in the Heian era in comparison with the Nara era when the money does not spread.

The money history of the times of Heike

Kiyomori Taira with the power built the times based on vast benefit from Sung trade day in the Heian era, but it is money of Sung, a Sung coin that was imported by this trade in large quantities. Because Heike assumed it a base of the financial power in then Japan, a Sung coin circulated around area near Kyoto. However,Because it was silk mainly to have had a role of the money in the Imperial Court, this becomes one cause and is connected for Heike and opposition of the Imperial Court.

The money history of the Kamakura era

After Heike extinction, it is admitted that a Sung coin is used for money in the Kamakura era. In addition, a benevolent administration law to cancel a debt comes to be given from the Shogunate when the debt situation of the family turns worse. When the Muromachi era, China are the light era, Japan receives the light money mainly on Eiraku current coins by trading with ships authorized by the shogunate. It is circulated around area near Kyoto, and these become the base of a currency system established for the age of civil strife. This light money is said to have circulated until early period of Edo era. In addition, Daisenno to put for money spreads to change a tax not a thing led by an eastern country in this time.


Things such as rice or the cloth were used for payment in the Nara era and the Heian era in the Imperial Court.
Heike introduced a Sung coin from China, which let a conflict between Heike and Imperial Coat.
From Kamakura era, coins came to be used for payment of the tax.

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